Thursday, April 15, 2010
"HONAI", Exotic House in Baliem Valley, Wamena, Papua
Dani definitely is familiar to the anthropologist, or ethnologists. This paper describes some of the aspects of architectural. Dani tribes generally live in the valley Baliem Wamena. Dani tribe until now claimed to be from Africa, which in ancient days moved from one place to another until they settled under the foot of Mount Trikora (now is called the Mountain Baliem Wamena).
In general, Dani tribe living in Papua province, precisely in Wamena Regency, Puncak Jaya, Tolikara, Mambramo Yahukimo and Central, in the highlands of ± 2500m above sea level. But in particular Dani divided into 3 (three) groups of tribes, namely: D Lani Tribe, Tribe and Tribal D Nayak Walak. Of the three ethnic groups mentioned above there is no difference, but the salient difference between the rates mentioned above is, common things like different languages and dialects, clothing or apparel, the way of doing the garden, the way of war strategy set and so forth.
From the first since the ancestors to the present society Dani still maintains this area. In Wamena, there are many beautiful and exotic mountains surrounding the town of Wamena, also a beautiful lake Habema, which has become known and tourism destiny.
Once upon a time the Dani people lived with using the Law of the Jungle who strongly they would win to survive; law of the jungle that was used at the time were fought between the tribe, clan or family.
To be survived Dani people engaged in activities for producing food, such as: Gardening, Farming and Hunting.
Gardening: For mountain people, gardening Dani was important. By gardening they get food and can feed their family. Typical foods of the Dani people, sweet potato (Errom / Hipere); gardening has become a habit already, and that was one of the two main aspects that must be in the possession for a men who want to marry or married; first main aspect was an ability to build the house that we are often call with Honai.
Farming: Farming was one of the special skills possessed the Dani tribe long ago to the present.
Hunting: Hunting was also the most important thing for most Dani. For them, this way they got food and also learn to fight. Why did they do so, because they hunt with traditional weapons and by trying to get targets they could know exactly how and where to get the animal hunts.
TRADITIONAL HOUSE "HONAI"
Dani tribe are still building their custom home in accordance with what is in their area in the past called Honai.
Honai or pilamo is a round house is usually occupied by 5-10 persons. Honai consists of Honai for boys (pilamo) and women (Ebeai / Kumi henna). The round shape Honai is designed to avoid the cold weather or due to strong winds blowing. Therefore The center Honai is the fireplace to warm the body at night, as well as a place to cook / burn sweet potato, in the Dani language called Hipere / Errom
The form of Honai usually built in Round / Circular, usually divide into two levels or equivalent to the attic (Tidlabaga) as a room to rest. Traditional Technology System which is owned by the Dani people are used to make this honai by cutting trees to get wood.
For Dani people, Honai usually build standard about 2-3 Honai: 1 Honai male (Pilamo), 1 Honai women (Ebeai / Kumi henna), and 1 Kitchen (konela). However, for chiefs usually Honai constructed in accordance with the many wives of the chiefs; If the head of the tribe has 5 wives also 5 Honai women (Ebeai / Kumi henna) that must be built, if the 10 wives so Honai women that must be built 10.
Houses Honai also a number of buildings that are in a bounded complex of a fence that serves as a fortress. The buildings within it are:
1. Honai male (Pilamo)
Honai a place or a traditional house of the people dani, this is where people set the strategy of war and of sinipula a male student, dibinah, and formed into a man who can compete with people from other regions.
2. Honai Women (Ebeai / Kumi henna)
This place is peristarahatan the women.
From here the women students, dibinah, taught women how to receive guests, must mempuyai how behavior and so forth. In honai permpuan (ebeai) men were prohibited from entering, unless there are interests that had to be done or notified.
3. Kitchen (Konela)
In the culture of the Dani Kitchen (Konela) was built as well. And this is the meeting place of the family and also a place to burn petatas (Errom / Hipere), fodder (WamErrom) and also a relaxed place at the time of day or night before bed.
4. Piggery (Wam dabukla)