Batik Technology is a fabric processing technology by providing a variety of design motifs and colors on the cloth. Batik in Java technology is an example of successful technological innovations imported into the traditional technology.
Originally making a batik is not a form of handicraft industry but the usual household of women in urban areas. In the past, batik is usually done at home magnifying Javanese nobility.
Main equipment Batik
Basic tools for batik is canting which is principally used for painting. The tool is determining the criteria of a work called mbatik. Canting is made of copper which has a tank parts (for a wax liquid) and the hollow channel (kingfisher) with various sizes and number of holes (cucuk) the size to determine points, or lines will be painted. Canting fusuh example is a coarse cloth wrapped the hole which serves to cover the small blocks.
Other equipment is stove to heat a pan of wax liquid, gawangan to spread cloth, or large brush (jegol) to cover a large block of painting, as well as filters for filtering fluids from a dirt and prevent clogged canting batik process.
Batik Pattern Process
Motives of batik in Indonesia has grown to thousands and thousands of shades of variety, but basically has the general characteristics of, stilasi motives, motives distortion, and decorative motives. Stilasi motive is motive to change shape from its original form without leaving the characteristics of the original object. Motive distortions go round with a change of motive that are intended to highlight some of the elements of an object. While the decorative motif is a motive with the simplification of form and without regard to the 3-dimensional perspective of the object, solely to the decorations.
There is also a geometric pattern as the wall decorations of the temple or Surakarta palace gate. Traditional motives which until now was known among other things, motive machete, sidomukti, and which of course kawung diverse patterns and size derivatives.
The motives are first created the pattern on the fabric before then performed with canting batik process.
Dyeing on the process of batik
In principle, the color process of batik is to give good color that is not part of a closed wax. You could say the process of batik is a negative process. Batik cloth that have been painted or dyed in the liquid color (diwedel), once dipped in the next step is to remove wax layers (dilorot) by boiling in water that has been mixed with alum and starch. The next stage dried in the shade.If want any other color then performed again with a canting painting process in a way that does not cover the desired for color, including those already given the desired color. Then performed again dilorot process and dried in the shade again. After drying is the process of refining and pressing to finish a batik fabric that is ready for use.
The process of batik traditionally can be found more in the following book: